Proposal of Color Index Ranges According to Ripeness Stages in Fruits

Minelkis Machado Molina, Annia García Pereira, Neili Machado García

Abstract

Maturity is the most important and complex stage in the development of the fruit, where they acquire sensory characteristics that define it as edible. The objective of this research is to determine the color indices associated with the different stages of maturation of the pumpkin fruit (Carica papaya L, variety MaradolRoja), guava (Psidiumguajava L, variety EnanaRoja EEA1-23) and tomato (Solanumlycopersicum, variety Vyta). To carry out the study, 32 pumpkins and 40 guava fruits were used. Fruits pumpkin and guava, were harvested in the Agricultural Company Ho Chi Minh, in the municipality of Jaruco, and tomato in the farm "The Papas" belonging to the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences (INCA), located in the municipality from San José de lasLajas, Mayabeque. The chemical, physical-mechanical and organoleptic properties were monitored in the different stages of maturation. In addition, the fruits were photographed and the images were analyzed to obtain the color indexes in the different stages of maturation. Finally, for the pump fruit and the tomato, four ripening stages and five for the guava are defined, in addition to the ranges of the color index associated with each one of them.

Keywords

Color; pumpfruit; guava; tomato; ripening stage

Full Text:

HTML PDF XML-JATS EPUB

References

AGUSTÍ, M.: Fruticultura. Ediciones Mundi-Prensa. Madrid. 2004 . Pág. 493., 2004.

ARANCETA, J.; PÉREZ-RODRIGO, C.: Maduración de la Fruta . 2006. III MASSON. Barcelona, España . Pág. 8., 2006, ISBN: 978-84-458-1669-1.

ARNAL, L.; DEL RÍO, M..: “Quality of persimmon fruit cv. Rojobrillante during storage at different temperatures”, 2(2): 243-247, 2004.

BONILLA-GONZÁLEZ, J.P.; PRIETO-ORTÍZ, F.A.: “Determinación del estado de maduración de frutos de feijoa mediante un sistema de visión por computador utilizando información de color”, 7(1): 11-126, 2016, DOI: 10.19053/20278306.v7.n1.2016.5603.

DAFNY-YALIN, M.; GLAZER, I.; BAR-LLAN, I.; KEREM, Z.; HOLLAND, D.; AMIR, R.: “Color, sugars and organic acids composition in aril juices and peel homogenates prepared from different pomegranate accessions.”, 58(7): 4342-52, 2010, DOI: 10.1021/jf904337t.

FRANCIS, F.; CLYDESDALE, F.: “Food colorimetry: Theory and applications. Westport, Conn, The AVI Pub. Co,”, 1975, DOI: 10.1002/food.19770210122.

HASSANAFSHARI-JOUYBARIA, A.F.: “Evaluation of Photoshop software potential for food colorimetry”, Journal of Food Engineering, 106(2): 170-175, September, 2011, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2011.02.034.

LEÓN, K.; MERY, D.; PEDRESCHI, F.; LEON, J.: “Color measurement in L∗ a∗ b∗ units from RGB digital images. Maryland and Washington, D.C.”, Food research international, 39(10): 1084-1091, 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2006.03.006.

MANERA, F.J.; BROTONS, J.M.; CONESA, A.; PORRAS, I.: “Relationship between air temperature and degreening of lemon (Citrus lemon L. Burm. f.) peel colour during maturation”, 6(6): 1051-1058, 2012.

MANERA, F.J.; LEGUA, P.; MELGAREJO, P.; MARTÍNEZ, R.; MARTÍNEZ, J.J.; HERNÁNDEZ, F.: “Effect of air temperature on rind colour development in pomegranates”, 134: 245-247, 2011.

MATHIAS-RETTIG, K.; AH-HEN, K.: “El color en los alimentos un criterio de calidad medible”, 2014, DOI: 10.4206/agrosur.2014.v42n2-07.

MUÑIZ, B.S.; GARCÍA, P.A.; CALDERÍN, G.A.; HERNÁNDEZ, G.A.: “Evaluación de la calidad de la fruta bomba (Carica papaya L.) variedadMaradol roja deshidratada utilizando el método de deshidratación osmótica (DO)”, Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias, 20(1): 52-56, 2011, ISSN: 1010-2760, e-ISSN: 2071-0054.

NMX-FF-031, 1997: Productos alimenticios no industrializados para consumo humano. Hortalizas frescas. Tomate - (LycopersicunesculentumMill.)., Inst. Economía Dirección General de Normas, Norma mexicana, 1997.

NMX-FF-041-SCFI, 2007: Productos alimenticios no industrializados para consumo humano. Fruta fresca. Papaya (Carica papaya L), Inst. Economía Dirección General de Normas, Norma mexicana, México D. F., 2007.

NTE-INEN-1911, 2009: Frutas frescas. Guayaba a (Psidiumguajava L.). Requisitos. Norma Técnica Ecuatoriana NTE INEN 1911:2009, Inst. Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalización, INEN. 2009., Norma Técnica Ecuatoriana, 2009.

REID, M..: Maturation and maturity indices . pp. 55-62 . En: Kader, A.A. (ed.) Postharvest technology of horticultural crops. 3th edition.University of California, Agricultural and Natural Resources, Publication 3311. Oakland, California . 535 p., 2002.

SHWARTZ, E.; GLAZER, I.; BAR-YA‘AKOV, I.; MATIYAHU, I.; BAR-ILAN, I.: “Changes in chemical constituents during the maturation and ripening of two commercially important pomegranate accessions”, 115: 965-973, 2009.

SLAUGHTER, D.C.: “Nondestructive maturity assessment methods for mango: A Review of Literature and Identification of Future Research Needs.”, : 1-18, 2009.

THOMPSON, A.: “Tecnología post-cosecha de frutas y hortalizas. Armenia, Colombia. pág. 268, 1998.

VELIOGLU, H.; BOYACI, I.; KURULTAY, S.: Determination of visual quality of tomato paste using computerized inspection system and artificial neural networks. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 77(2), 147-154 . doi: 10.1016/j.compag.2011.04.007, 2011.

VIGNONI, L.; CESARI, R.; FORTE, M.; MIRÁBILE, M.: “Determinación de índice de color en ajo picado. Informacióntecnológica. Vol. 17:(16)., p. 63-67.”, 2006, ISSN: 0718-0764, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07642006000600011.

WILLS, R.B.H.; GLASSON, M.W.B.; GRAHAM, D.; LEE, T.H.; HALL, E.G.: “Postharvest. An Introduction to the Physiology and Handling of Fruits and Vegetables.(Eds.). AVI. USA.”, 1986.

YIRAT, M.: Estudio de las propiedades de calidad de la guayaba (Psidiumguajava L.), (variedad Enana roja EEA 1-23), Inst. Universidad Agraria de La Habana, San José de las Lajas, Habana, Cuba, 2009.

YIRAT, B.M.; GARCÍA, P.A.; HERNÁNDES, G.A.; CALDERÍN, G.A.; CAMACHO, N.A.: “Evaluación de la calidad de la guayaba, variedad enana roja EEA-1-23, durante el almacenamiento a temperatura ambiente”, Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias , 18(2): 70-73, 2009, ISSN: 1010-2760, e-ISSN: 2071-0054.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.